Friday, May 05, 2006

iran-europe:likely nuclear agreement in last minute

ali ghannadi
Russia and China insisted Friday that a Security Council resolution on Iran stress diplomacy and oversight of Tehran's nuclear program instead of raising the threat of possible future action.

Eu3 conduct a resolution that the Security Council's demand in late March for Iran to stop enrichment would be made mandatory, and Tehran would be given a short period to comply. If it refuses, the resolution says the council intends to consider "further measures" to ensure compliance.

It is not clear what measures considered,but it seems that US and EU3 want to impose sanctions against some Iranian officials travel,ban on some duel use goods and other limitations in some fields.
It seems that Russia and china would oppose any resolution that result likely action against iran because they believe such resolution would destroy diplomatic process as soon as it seems.

Both China and Russia have said they oppose putting the resolution under Chapter 7 or referring to Iran as a threat to international peace and security.
China's U.N. Ambassador Wang Guangya was asked whether he believed Chapter 7 could open the way to the use of military force against Iran, as happened in Iraq.
"That is the concern, not only of China, but of others," he said.
"We are looking for a diplomatic solution _ what is the best language for a diplomatic solution," he said.
Russia's U.N. Ambassador Vitaly Churkin said "when people assert that the only way for this resolution to serve its purpose is to put some big statements in it, like Chapter 7, "threats to peace", etcetera etcetera, _ when they assert that this is strengthening the resolution, this is not necessarily the case."

As same as security council progress,some hopes of last minute agreement between Tehran and west existed.
United Nations Secretary General Kofi Annan urged the United States on Thursday to enter direct talks with Iran over Tehran’s nuclear ambitions, saying that this step could lead to an acceptable resolution of the crisis.Annan said that the Iranians may have been holding back in previous negotiations with European Union powers Britain, France and Germany, and might be more forthcoming if the United States were at the table. He made the suggestion in an interview on The News Hour with Jim Lehrer on US public television stations.“If everybody - all stakeholders and key players - were around the table, I think it would be possible to work out a package that would satisfy the concerns of everybody,” Annan said when asked whether it was time for the United States to get involved in direct talks.

annan demand for direct talks has repeated in some European capitals and even in some US afficials in state department in last few months.
Although EU in favour of trans-atlantic unity repeated US demand on Iranian nuclear file in last year,but it seems very unwillingness to US approach.
Some observers in Tehran believe that Europeans has not oppose Iranian nuclear activity for R&D,and They follow US demands in this direction.

In fact, EU only in favoure of trans-atlantic unity follows US tactics in Iranian file and it has deffencies between sides in approach.
As a result ,as process of event worsened in security council ,some observers suggest an likely agreement between sides in last minute;increased EU unofficial demands for direct talks between Tehran and Washington in last few months is analytical in this direction .

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